Month: May 2018

CLASS OF 2017 EMPLOYMENT REPORT: The Rankings

…And now, what you crave: law schools ranked by the percentage of their class of 2017 graduates in full-time, long-term, bar-passage-required jobs.

PERCENT GRADUATES EMPLOYED FULL-TIME/LONG-TERM IN BAR-PASSAGE-REQUIRED JOBS (EXCL. LAW-SCHOOL-FUNDED JOBS)
RANK LAW SCHOOL ’16 ’17 CHANGE
1. Duke 92.4% 93.8% 1.4%
2. Columbia 91.5% 92.8% 1.3%
3. Cornell 90.2% 92.1% 1.9%
4. Chicago 93.5% 92.1% -1.4%
5. Virginia 88.8% 91.6% 2.8%
6. Pennsylvania 89.1% 90.6% 1.5%
7. Michigan 91.1% 90.4% -0.7%
8. New York University 88.9% 88.6% -0.2%
9. California-Berkeley 84.2% 88.2% 4.0%
10. Harvard 88.0% 86.7% -1.2%
11. Vanderbilt 86.3% 86.2% -0.1%
12. Washington University 80.1% 85.8% 5.7%
13. Southern California 70.0% 85.6% 15.6%
14. Georgia 78.3% 84.0% 5.7%
15. Alabama 75.9% 83.2% 7.3%
16. Stanford 89.6% 82.7% -6.9%
17. Seton Hall 80.1% 82.6% 2.5%
18. Baylor 77.2% 82.3% 5.1%
19. Northwestern 81.5% 82.3% 0.7%
20. Tulsa 61.4% 81.4% 19.9%
21. Louisiana State 63.6% 81.3% 17.7%
22. Oklahoma 75.5% 80.8% 5.2%
23. Notre Dame 76.2% 80.7% 4.5%
24. Minnesota 74.4% 80.5% 6.1%
25. Cardozo, Yeshiva 74.6% 80.1% 5.6%
26. Washington and Lee 76.8% 79.8% 3.0%
27. Kentucky 70.7% 79.6% 8.9%
28. Boston College 80.6% 79.4% -1.2%
29. Temple 68.8% 79.3% 10.5%
30. Texas 79.8% 79.2% -0.6%
31. California-Los Angeles 75.6% 79.1% 3.4%
32. Illinois 78.9% 78.2% -0.7%
33. Iowa 71.0% 77.4% 6.4%
34. New Mexico 68.1% 77.4% 9.2%
35. New Hampshire 63.5% 77.0% 13.5%
36. Rutgers 73.1% 76.8% 3.8%
37. Georgetown 74.4% 76.8% 2.4%
38. Lincoln Memorial 76.5% 76.5% 0.0%
39. Ohio State 76.5% 76.4% -0.2%
40. Colorado 66.8% 76.2% 9.3%
41. Utah 59.5% 76.1% 16.6%
42. William and Mary 72.0% 76.0% 4.0%
43. Hofstra 73.2% 75.9% 2.7%
44. Florida 71.2% 75.9% 4.7%
45. Southern Methodist 75.2% 75.8% 0.6%
46. Cincinnati 71.2% 75.7% 4.6%
47. Belmont 71.0% 75.6% 4.6%
48. Boston University 71.0% 75.6% 4.5%
49. Missouri (Columbia) 67.5% 75.5% 8.0%
50. Villanova 69.2% 75.5% 6.3%
51. Nevada 72.4% 75.2% 2.8%
52. Wake Forest 73.4% 75.1% 1.8%
53. California-Irvine 71.2% 75.0% 3.8%
54. Yale 78.8% 75.0% -3.8%
55. Miami 64.4% 75.0% 10.6%
56. Pace 71.9% 74.7% 2.8%
57. West Virginia 62.6% 74.5% 11.9%
58. Montana 71.8% 74.4% 2.6%
59. Arizona State 68.9% 74.2% 5.3%
60. Wisconsin 71.4% 74.2% 2.9%
61. Missouri (Kansas City) 65.2% 74.1% 8.9%
62. Nebraska 65.3% 74.0% 8.8%
63. Tennessee 65.2% 73.0% 7.8%
64. St. Louis 66.2% 72.7% 6.5%
65. Florida International 70.6% 72.3% 1.7%
66. St. John’s 72.1% 72.0% -0.2%
67. Penn State (Penn State Law) 66.3% 71.9% 5.6%
68. Emory 70.1% 71.9% 1.8%
69. Brooklyn 66.9% 71.7% 4.8%
70. California-Davis 63.0% 71.3% 8.2%
71. Louisville 60.7% 71.2% 10.6%
72. Marquette 68.1% 71.2% 3.1%
73. Ohio Northern 48.6% 71.2% 22.5%
74. Drexel 75.5% 71.0% -4.5%
75. Albany 70.2% 70.9% 0.7%
76. North Carolina 67.7% 70.8% 3.1%
77. Florida State 72.0% 70.4% -1.5%
78. Denver 62.9% 70.2% 7.3%
79. Fordham 74.5% 70.2% -4.3%
80. George Washington 67.2% 69.8% 2.5%
81. Northeastern 57.2% 69.7% 12.5%
82. Memphis 67.0% 69.7% 2.7%
83. Mercer 60.6% 69.6% 9.0%
84. Georgia State 67.0% 69.6% 2.6%
85. Texas Tech 68.7% 69.5% 0.9%
86. City University 66.3% 69.1% 2.8%
87. Syracuse 60.2% 69.1% 8.9%
88. Washington 67.3% 68.9% 1.6%
89. Kansas 66.1% 68.6% 2.5%
90. Wyoming 74.6% 68.6% -6.1%
91. Creighton 57.5% 68.3% 10.8%
92. Loyola (CA) 62.1% 68.2% 6.1%
93. South Carolina 68.4% 68.1% -0.3%
94. Arkansas (Fayetteville) 64.5% 68.1% 3.6%
95. Touro 62.6% 68.0% 5.4%
96. Richmond 64.2% 67.8% 3.6%
97. Indiana (Bloomington) 69.6% 67.2% -2.4%
98. Penn State (Dickinson Law) 82.4% 67.2% -15.1%
99. Willamette 38.6% 67.0% 28.4%
100. Houston 67.5% 66.2% -1.3%
101. Washburn 68.0% 66.0% -2.0%
102. Oklahoma City 63.5% 65.6% 2.1%
103. Connecticut 71.5% 65.4% -6.2%
104. Arizona 68.5% 64.8% -3.7%
105. Texas A&M [Wesleyan] 59.5% 64.5% 5.0%
106. Tulane 63.3% 64.0% 0.7%
107. Liberty 55.2% 63.8% 8.6%
108. Stetson 56.5% 63.5% 7.0%
109. Duquesne 62.9% 63.5% 0.6%
110. Arkansas (Little Rock) 50.4% 63.3% 12.9%
111. Howard 47.8% 63.1% 15.3%
112. Pittsburgh 61.7% 63.0% 1.3%
113. Campbell 49.5% 62.9% 13.3%
114. Gonzaga 61.6% 62.6% 1.0%
115. Concordia 60.5% 62.5% 2.0%
116. North Dakota 51.3% 62.5% 11.2%
117. Samford 56.9% 62.3% 5.5%
118. Mississippi 57.0% 62.2% 5.2%
119. Loyola (IL) 57.4% 62.2% 4.7%
120. Drake 59.3% 62.1% 2.8%
121. Quinnipiac 44.7% 61.9% 17.2%
122. Oregon 51.2% 61.5% 10.4%
123. SUNY Buffalo 63.2% 61.2% -2.1%
124. George Mason 64.7% 60.5% -4.1%
125. Idaho 67.2% 60.4% -6.8%
126. Baltimore 51.6% 60.3% 8.6%
127. St. Mary’s 60.5% 60.2% -0.3%
128. Case Western Reserve 56.6% 60.1% 3.6%
129. Pepperdine 54.1% 60.1% 5.9%
130. Northern Illinois 59.1% 60.0% 0.9%
131. Brigham Young 64.6% 60.0% -4.6%
132. Chicago-Kent, IIT 56.2% 59.6% 3.4%
133. Texas Southern 52.3% 59.4% 7.1%
134. San Diego 46.8% 59.3% 12.5%
135. Michigan State 56.2% 59.3% 3.1%
136. Akron 46.8% 59.2% 12.4%
137. Widener (Commonwealth) 49.1% 59.0% 10.0%
138. Regent 64.8% 59.0% -5.8%
139. California-Hastings 51.3% 58.9% 7.6%
140. Hawaii 53.2% 58.3% 5.2%
141. South Dakota 70.7% 58.2% -12.5%
142. Seattle 52.2% 57.9% 5.7%
143. Maryland 59.2% 57.1% -2.0%
144. Nova Southeastern 49.0% 57.1% 8.1%
145. Loyola (LA) 46.8% 57.0% 10.3%
146. Wayne State 61.8% 57.0% -4.8%
147. Santa Clara 47.4% 56.6% 9.2%
148. John Marshall (Chicago) 51.7% 56.5% 4.8%
149. Lewis and Clark 53.1% 56.3% 3.2%
150. Vermont 50.9% 56.1% 5.2%
151. Maine 63.4% 55.4% -8.0%
152. Toledo 36.4% 55.3% 18.9%
153. Indiana (Indianapolis) 48.8% 55.2% 6.4%
154. Southern Illinois 57.3% 55.2% -2.1%
155. Massachusetts — Dartmouth 39.6% 55.1% 15.5%
156. Catholic 38.4% 55.0% 16.5%
157. DePaul 53.8% 54.8% 0.9%
158. Chapman 49.4% 54.7% 5.4%
159. St. Thomas (FL) 48.0% 54.7% 6.7%
160. Widener (Delaware) 47.4% 54.1% 6.7%
161. Roger Williams 51.2% 54.1% 2.9%
162. Capital 37.8% 53.8% 16.0%
163. California Western 46.6% 53.8% 7.2%
164. St. Thomas (MN) 55.7% 53.3% -2.4%
165. South Texas-Houston 52.9% 53.0% 0.2%
166. American 52.8% 53.0% 0.2%
167. Appalachian 35.7% 52.4% 16.7%
168. Mitchell|Hamline 57.6% 52.3% -5.3%
169. Cleveland State 52.1% 52.1% 0.0%
170. Mississippi College 59.3% 51.6% -7.6%
171. Northern Kentucky 48.3% 51.6% 3.3%
172. North Texas-Dallas N/A 51.5% N/A
173. New York Law School 53.3% 51.0% -2.3%
174. Dayton 49.4% 50.0% 0.6%
175. Faulkner 58.1% 49.4% -8.8%
176. San Francisco 32.9% 49.0% 16.2%
177. Pacific, McGeorge 40.3% 47.3% 7.0%
178. Suffolk 43.2% 46.7% 3.5%
179. Florida A&M 37.5% 46.6% 9.1%
180. Barry 33.6% 46.3% 12.7%
181. Southern University 45.5% 45.6% 0.1%
182. Charleston 53.2% 44.5% -8.6%
183. Western State 33.0% 43.8% 10.9%
184. Detroit Mercy 33.6% 43.7% 10.1%
185. Southwestern 38.9% 43.5% 4.6%
186. Western New England 42.7% 42.6% -0.1%
187. Florida Coastal 36.1% 40.8% 4.6%
188. Atlanta’s John Marshall 35.0% 40.7% 5.8%
189. Ave Maria 57.1% 39.5% -17.6%
190. Valparaiso 35.6% 38.4% 2.8%
191. New England 38.6% 38.2% -0.4%
192. Golden Gate 26.8% 37.9% 11.1%
193. Arizona Summit [Phoenix] 38.0% 34.4% -3.6%
194. Elon 33.7% 34.1% 0.4%
195. La Verne 13.7% 31.6% 17.9%
196. WMU Cooley 30.5% 30.7% 0.2%
197. North Carolina Central 35.0% 30.1% -4.9%
198. Whittier 29.7% 29.5% -0.2%
199. District of Columbia 34.0% 26.8% -7.3%
200. Thomas Jefferson 21.9% 23.6% 1.7%
201. Puerto Rico 22.5% 20.5% -2.0%
202. Inter American 9.9% 8.8% -1.1%
203. Pontifical Catholic 0.0% 0.7% 0.7%
204. Charlotte 23.5% N/A N/A
TOTAL (EXCL. P.R.) 62.5% 67.1% 4.6%
10TH PERCENTILE (EXCL. P.R.) 37.8% 45.6% 7.8%
25TH PERCENTILE (EXCL. P.R.) 51.2% 56.1% 4.9%
MEDIAN (EXCL. P.R.) 62.9% 66.1% 3.2%
75TH PERCENTILE (EXCL. P.R.) 71.2% 75.6% 4.4%
90TH PERCENTILE (EXCL. P.R.) 80.1% 82.6% 2.5%
MEAN (EXCL. P.R.) 60.7% 64.8% 4.1%

One school I omitted was Indiana Tech, which had graduating classes for the last two years but didn’t report any graduate employment outcomes for ’16 (much less ’17). The ’16 class had only 18 graduates, so it’s not a big loss, but to pound my fists again, the ABA should be maintaining data on all law schools on its required disclosures site and not just ones that have chosen not to shut down. It’s downright Orwellian.

**********

Because I hope to merge all my employment reports in the future, here’s a list of all of them.

CLASS OF 2017 EMPLOYMENT REPORT: Take That, JD-Advantage Jobs!

So I was all set to write up the class of 2017 employment report two weekends ago, but I went out of town twice, so that distracted me from my very important blogging duties. To make up for that I’m redoing my annual employment report by foregrounding the actual important information and editorials and then following up with the employed-bar-passage-required full-time, long-term ranking of shame.

To begin with, here’s the table of graduate underemployment. (Everything on this post excludes the three Puerto Rico law schools.)

STATUS (EXCL. P.R.) 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Unemployed – Not Seeking 1,245 1,014 939 795 553 494 469 441
Unemployed – Seeking 2,686 4,016 4,770 5,060 4,103 3,744 3,142 2,614
Status Unknown 1,458 1,453 1,073 979 841 766 557 437
Total Grads 43,526 43,735 45,757 46,112 43,195 39,423 36,619 34,392
Unemployed – Not Seeking 2.9% 2.3% 2.1% 1.7% 1.3% 1.3% 1.3% 1.3%
Unemployed – Seeking 6.2% 9.2% 10.4% 11.0% 9.5% 9.5% 8.6% 7.6%
Status Unknown 3.3% 3.3% 2.3% 2.1% 1.9% 1.9% 1.5% 1.3%
Total Percent 12.4% 14.8% 14.8% 14.8% 12.7% 12.7% 11.4% 10.2%

For ’17, the underemployment rate (“Total Percent” in the table) fell by yet another percentage point, almost all of which appeared in the Unemployed – Seeking category. This is good news. 10.2 percent is still a terrible rate, to say nothing of the 7.6 percent seeking work, but progress is progress.

On the reverse side, 67.1 percent of graduates found full-time long-term work in bar-passage-required jobs. Last year, that figure was 62.5 percent, so this is quite the jump. In three years, the percentage has risen by 10 points, which is quite notable, except that the absolute number of students finding these jobs has been roughly the same each year. Reducing students at unheralded law schools reduces poor outcomes.

So what differed this year? Let’s take a look at the analytic tables that compare this year to last year.

EMPLOYMENT STATUS NO. OF GRADS GRADS PCT. OF TOTAL PCT. CHANGE IN GRADS DISTRIBUTION OF CHANGE IN GRADS GINI COEFFICIENT
2016 2017 2016 2017 2017 2017 2016 2017
Employed – Bar Passage Required 23,833 23,939 65.1% 69.6% 0.4% -4.8% 0.34 0.34
Employed – JD Advantage 5,162 4,021 14.1% 11.7% -22.1% 51.2% 0.36 0.38
Employed – Professional Position 1,390 1,091 3.8% 3.2% -21.5% 13.4% 0.54 0.54
Employed – Non-Professional Position 435 401 1.2% 1.2% -7.8% 1.5% 0.54 0.55
Employed – Law School 757 605 2.1% 1.8% -20.1% 6.8% 0.80 0.79
Employed – Undeterminable 21 23 0.1% 0.1% 9.5% -0.1% 0.95 0.92
Employed – Pursuing Graduate Degree 600 535 1.6% 1.6% -10.8% 2.9% 0.50 0.52
Unemployed – Start Date Deferred 253 285 0.7% 0.8% 12.6% -1.4% 0.64 0.59
Unemployed – Not Seeking 469 441 1.3% 1.3% -6.0% 1.3% 0.57 0.52
Unemployed – Seeking 3,142 2,614 8.6% 7.6% -16.8% 23.7% 0.46 0.43
Employment Status Unknown 557 437 1.5% 1.3% -21.5% 5.4% 0.67 0.66
Total Graduates 36,619 34,392 100.0% 100.0% -6.1% 100.0% 0.29 0.29
EMPLOYMENT TYPE NO. OF GRADS GRADS PCT. OF TOTAL PCT. CHANGE IN GRADS DISTRIBUTION OF CHANGE IN GRADS GINI COEFFICIENT
2016 2017 2016 2017 2017 2017 2016 2017
Solo 508 439 1.4% 1.3% -13.6% 3.1% 0.61 0.58
2-10 6,269 5,773 17.1% 16.8% -7.9% 22.3% 0.35 0.33
11-25 1,739 1,695 4.7% 4.9% -2.5% 2.0% 0.41 0.42
26-50 942 998 2.6% 2.9% 5.9% -2.5% 0.43 0.45
51-100 797 800 2.2% 2.3% 0.4% -0.1% 0.48 0.48
101-250 958 977 2.6% 2.8% 2.0% -0.9% 0.51 0.51
251-500 1,008 1,003 2.8% 2.9% -0.5% 0.2% 0.68 0.64
501-PLUS 4,243 4,611 11.6% 13.4% 8.7% -16.5% 0.78 0.77
Unknown 228 96 0.6% 0.3% -57.9% 5.9% 0.91 0.85
Business Industry 4,930 4,142 13.5% 12.0% -16.0% 35.4% 0.36 0.36
Government 4,402 4,133 12.0% 12.0% -6.1% 12.1% 0.32 0.32
Public Interest 1,638 1,617 4.5% 4.7% -1.3% 0.9% 0.47 0.48
Federal Clerkship 1,197 1,170 3.3% 3.4% -2.3% 1.2% 0.72 0.69
State/Local Clerkship 2,091 2,050 5.7% 6.0% -2.0% 1.8% 0.58 0.58
Other Clerkship 20 24 0.1% 0.1% 20.0% -0.2% 0.93 0.93
Education 583 483 1.6% 1.4% -17.2% 4.5% 0.49 0.48
Unknown Employer Type 45 67 0.1% 0.2% 48.9% -1.0% 0.94 0.91
Total Employed by Type 31,598 30,078 86.3% 87.5% -4.8% 68.3% 0.30 0.31

For ’17, there were 2,227 fewer graduates than in 2016, a decline of 6.1 percent. Three employment statuses accounted for nearly 90 percent of the difference between the two classes: Employed JD Advantage (51.2%) (!), Unemployed – Seeking (23.7%), and Employed – Professional Position (13.4%). This pretty much tells you what you need to know about this year’s employment report.

Changes among the employment types accounted for 68.3 percent of the 2,227 graduates. The four largest drivers were business-and-industry jobs (35.4%), 2-10-lawyer practices (22.3%), government jobs (12.1%), education positions (4.5%), and solo practices (3.1%). Notably, jobs at 501-plus-lawyer firms grew by 368 people, so it pushed back against the graduate decline (-16.5%). Biglaw’s gains are consistent with last year’s trends, as is the decline in small-law jobs.

I won’t discuss the Gini coefficients as I did last year. The most desirable jobs are still distributed worse than wealth in a kleptocracy.

Editorial: This year’s employment report showcased many of the similar trends from last year: Good outcomes substituting for worse ones. It differs in that JD advantage jobs took a big hit while bar-passage-required jobs grew slightly. What’s interesting here is that overall, law-firm jobs fell nonetheless. Somewhere in the employment type outcomes are compositional changes where grads found law jobs and not JD advantage jobs. I sure hope none of that is accounting shenanigans by law schools.

Finally, I’m happy that the ABA has not implemented its decision to change how it collects and displays employment data. Readers will note that I did not repeat the mistakes regarding law-school-funded jobs that I made last year, and yes, I recognize that perhaps I don’t find much use for short-term or part-time job categories. Nevertheless, the purposes of careful data collection are usefulness, detail, transparency, and consistency—not what’s convenient for law-school employees.

That’s all for now.

Similar editions of this post from prior years can be found here: